China’s Spending on Russian Energy Nears $60 Billion Since War

Nov 21, 2022 by Bloomberg
image is BloomburgMedia_RLO7OFT0G1L501_21-11-2022_05-48-04_638045856000000000.jpg

A gas pipeline marker post above the ground on the Gazprom PJSC Chayandinskoye oil, gas and condensate field, a resource base for the Power of Siberia gas pipeline, in the Lensk district of the Sakha Republic, Russia, on Tuesday, Oct. 12, 2021. European natural gas futures declined after Russia signaled that it may offer additional volumes soon. Photographer: Andrey Rudakov/Bloomberg

China continued to boost Russian energy imports last month, as purchases of natural gas, coal, crude oil and oil products increased to nearly $60 billion since the invasion of Ukraine, from about $35 billion a year ago.

Russian sales grew despite a broad weakening in China’s imports in October. A slowing economy constrained shipments of items from gas to copper, although crude purchases were a bright spot as refiners responded to the prospect of a surge in fuel exports after Beijing issued its biggest quota this year.

Oil imports from Russia rose 16% to 7.72 million tons last month, a volume topped only by Saudi Arabia, according to Chinese customs data. The increase comes as China’s refiners seek Beijing’s help to keep Russian cargoes flowing after new sanctions are imposed early next month. From Dec. 5, the European Union is set to ban the financing, insuring and shipping of Russian crude, which will force importers to find workarounds that don’t involve banks, insurance clubs and shipowners from the bloc.

Russian sales of liquefied natural gas expanded by more than half from a year ago to 756,000 tons in October, despite a 34% decline in China’s overall purchases of the super-chilled fuel. China hasn’t reported imports via pipelines, the main conduit for Russian gas, since the start of the year. 

Coal imports from Russia increased 26% to 6.4 million tons. Some 2.4 million tons of that was coking coal for the steel industry, three times the amount of a year ago, although slightly lower than the record hit in September.

That left total purchases of Russian energy, including oil products, at $7.7 billion last month, slightly higher than the revised $7.6 billion for September, but well above last year’s $5.4 billion. It brings the total to about $59.5 billion since Russia began its war in Ukraine. 

Although import values have been inflated by the global spike in energy prices caused by the invasion, China’s purchases from Russia have sometimes come at discounted rates. Moscow for its part needs to find a home for exports that are being shunned by much of the rest of the world as punishment for the war.

Other data for imports from Russia in October (compared with a year earlier):

  • Refined copper imports slumped 75% to 10,901 tons
  • Refined nickel imports declined 40% to 5,360 tons
  • Refined aluminum imports rose more than sevenfold to 46,933 tons
  • Palladium imports plunged 56% to 215 kilograms
  • Gold imports more than doubled to 2,157 kg
  • Wheat imports jumped 1.6 times to 3,554 tons

The Week’s Diary

(All times Beijing unless noted otherwise.)

Monday, Nov. 21

  • China sets monthly loan prime rates, 09:15

Tuesday, Nov. 22

  • Bloomberg China economic survey for November, 11:00
  • UBS’s Asia Energy Transition Virtual Conference
  • Cesco Asia Copper Week in Singapore, day 1

Wednesday, Nov. 23

  • CCTD’s weekly online briefing on the coal market, 15:00
  • Cesco Asia Copper Week in Singapore, day 2

Thursday, Nov. 24

  • Cesco Asia Copper Week in Singapore, day 3

Friday, Nov. 25

  • China weekly iron ore port stockpiles
  • Shanghai exchange weekly commodities inventory, ~15:30

Saturday, Nov. 26

  • Nothing major scheduled

Sunday, Nov. 27

  • China industrial profits for October, 09:30

On The Wire

Oil sank again following the biggest weekly decline since August as China tightened anti-Covid curbs, hurting the outlook for demand. Iron ore also fell.

A US attempt to ban imports of cotton linked to forced labor in China contains a loophole large enough for a multibillion-dollar business to pass through: clothing from Shein, the Chinese online retail giant and social-media phenomenon that ships fast-fashion apparel directly to consumers.

More stories like this are available on bloomberg.com

©2022 Bloomberg L.P.

By Bloomberg News

Back To Top