Oil Declines for Fourth Day on OPEC+ Intrigue and Risk-Off Tone

By Bloomberg

Nov 27, 2023

image is BloomburgMedia_S4M6U8DWLU6801_27-11-2023_05-20-44_638366400000000000.jpg

The Petroleos de Venezuela SA (PDVSA) Amuay oil refinery at the Paraguana Refinery Complex in Punto Fijo, Falcon State, Venezuela, on Saturday, Aug. 19, 2023. An ad-hoc board for Venezuela's oil company said it will extend a legal deadline on PDVSA's bonds, echoing an agreement for sovereign debt earlier this week. Photographer: Betty Laura Zapata/Bloomberg

Oil fell for a fourth day as traders looked ahead to this week’s delayed OPEC+ meeting and wider financial markets carried a risk-off tone.

Global benchmark Brent dropped below $80 a barrel after retreating by 2.3% over the last three sessions, while West Texas Intermediate was around $75. Crude fell alongside equities as the week’s trading kicked off, with data showing profits at China’s industrial companies rose at a much slower pace in October, highlighting risks to growth in the world’s largest crude importer.

The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries had to push back the critical gathering to decide on supply policy by four days to Nov. 30 amid a dispute over quotas. The latest weakness in crude futures prices came despite a Bloomberg survey of traders and analysts that showed around half expect the group to take additional measures to tighten the market.

  

Brent has dropped by almost a fifth from a high in late September on increased supply from non-OPEC+ countries and the fading of the Israel-Hamas war risk premium. The International Energy Agency forecast earlier this month that the market would tip back into surplus next year.

“Saudi Arabia and other OPEC+ members will be keen to avoid any disunity,” said Vivek Dhar, an analyst at Commonwealth Bank of Australia. “OPEC+ will have to show significant supply discipline, or at least jawbone such ability, to alleviate market worries of a deep surplus in oil markets next year.”

Market metrics point to a weakening of conditions. WTI’s prompt spread — the difference between its two nearest contracts — is 25 cents a barrel in contango, a bearish pattern in which spot prices trade at a discount to futures. A month ago, the gap was 84 cents a barrel in backwardation, the opposite structure.

In the Middle East, meanwhile, a chemical tanker with ties to an Israeli-affiliated company was boarded in the waters between Yemen and Somalia on Sunday, the latest in a string of attacks on ships with ties to Israel since Iranian-backed Houthi rebels based in Yemen threatened to target them. The move highlights the vulnerability of shipping in the key transit point.

Elsewhere, the United Arab Emirates will host COP28 from Thursday. The summit’s president is also the head of the OPEC producer’s state oil company, making it one of the most controversial climate summits in recent memory.

©2023 Bloomberg L.P.

By Yongchang Chin

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